Nicky Mann, Protected Crop Australia: “Australia's protected crop industry is at an extremely exciting time”
Australia's protected crop industry is at an extremely exciting time in its history, says Nicky Mann. As chair of the board of Protected Cropping Australia and one of the administrators of Family Fresh Farms, she lives and breathes horticulture every day of her life. In recent years, you have seen the industry grow and professionalize. Protecting their crops, whether from massive weather events or from pests and diseases, has a high priority for growers in helping them serve the rapidly growing market.
Over the past five years, the Australian horticultural industry has experienced rapid growth in many sectors. “Producers of many horticultural products are considering some type of protection on, around or under their crops, such as nets, hydroponics, the use of substrates, plastic tunnels, retractable greenhouses, multi-span greenhouses, high-tech greenhouses or even indoor vertical farms. There is already a farm in New South Wales that grows avocados in retractable greenhouses, ”says Nicky.
Especially soft fruits like blueberries and raspberries, almonds, avocados, citrus fruits and greenhouse crops like tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and eggplants have increased in production, especially tomatoes to chop, cucumbers to chop and bell peppers to chop. “But there are also ginger, turmeric, dragon fruit, figs, cherries and many other horticultural crops that were traditionally grown outdoors under nets, plastic covers, etc. and therefore tissue culture, propagators, and young plant nurseries had to grow accordingly and became much more sophisticated and mechanized. '
In addition, there has been an increase in the production of medicinal cannabis in Australia, 'and during COVID, the garden and nursery industry, including flower production, literally flourished in growth, which is surprising after many years of arduous trade in this sector ».
Fresh produce market
According to Nicky, there are multiple causes for growth. “Consumers are definitely more aware of the health benefits of fresh fruits and vegetables, and the incredible increase in consumption of products like blueberries, avocados and almonds was a direct result of the health benefits marketing campaigns. of these particular products. Consumers just went crazy for blueberries especially so they all jumped into planting blueberries, especially under tunnels and in substrates to harvest crops faster to meet the growing demand for this antioxidant-rich fruit, which was also generating incredible profits for producers. However, blueberry supply has vastly improved in Australia and prices have dropped, so growers must now be more efficient and take their growth and viability to new heights. '
He adds that the Australian market is a little behind Europe, “but there is a push for more fresh fruits and vegetables to be added for consumer convenience, and there is a greater focus on healthy, tasty and easy-to-prepare snacks. ». salads and meals with fresh products. However, the vast size of our country also adds a layer of complexity, as transport distances are enormous and getting products to markets and / or consumers can sometimes take days to arrive, so variety selection to cultivate you must take this into account. »
Australia has also focused on exporting to Asia, which is close, in the last 5 years. “With large populations getting rich on our doorstep, there are many opportunities for Australia and New Zealand. In fact, a lot of work has gone into ensuring that we are producing the kinds of products that these countries and their consumers want and need. »
Get the most out of your cultivation
With the market growing, growers want to protect their crops in the best possible way, which is where the greenhouse industry comes in. “There is more consideration on the part of all growers than considering protecting their crops from massive weather events like fires, hail, floods and droughts - Australia seems famous for these extreme weather events. Producers were getting tired of losing harvest after harvest, year after year, so a change had to take place ”.
At the same time, Australian growers are trying to mitigate the risks of pests and diseases. “Australia, in the past, has been quite isolated. However, we are no longer so lucky and we have had a number of exotic pests and diseases that have reached our shores. Fair Trade Agreements have allowed the flow of horticultural products to our shores, putting our biosecurity at risk and finding cracks to infiltrate our states and farms. Outbreaks of exotic pests like the streamer leaf miner in the Greater Sydney Basin are causing a lot of stress and distress for growers as there are few chemicals on record and they may not yet be using IPM strategies to combat it. We are seeing exotic pest incursions more frequently, which is a constant concern for our growers. The adoption of nets, plastic covers, tunnels,
Then there is the labor issue, causing producers to opt for a smaller workforce. “For example, a casual Tier 1 (entry level) employee in the horticultural industry today must earn a minimum of $ 25,41 per hour, but the actual cost to the employer is approximately $ 31 per hour once that all costs are calculated. This has led horticultural farmers in Australia to consider automation and super efficient ways of using labor, which in many organizations accounts for 65% of their total costs. Therefore, the adoption of new ways of training fruit trees, planting orchards, planting fruiting walls and being able to use machinery as much as possible has skyrocketed in the last 5 years to increase labor efficiency and get away with less manpower than before. last."
He adds that protected intensive farming systems, especially high-tech greenhouses, are incredibly good at maximizing labor efficiency: “Scissor lifts, harvest wagons, driverless vehicles (Bogaert Bees) in greenhouses, stacking and palletizing machinery. from suppliers like TAKS and excellent packaging machinery in the packaging plants.
“Producers understand that consistency in quality and quantity is imperative and vital to have good and healthy relationships with the supply chain, including supermarkets, which require a year-round supply of products. Producers aim to fill supply gaps or peak price recovery periods, which typically occur when supply occurs out of season or on the shoulders of peak production periods. These are the nice 'sweet spots' of great profitability and all these benefits can be achieved through the use of protected crops, where climate, nutrition and crop handling can be controlled or optimized for the best results'.
Healthy horticultural sector
Overall, Australia is in a good position with a very healthy horticultural sector that is increasing in size, sophistication and automation. “By 2030, Australian agriculture is aiming to be a $ 100 billion industry (they are now at just over 70 billion), so Australian horticulture must be prepared accordingly to contribute its share to this goal. in the next 8 years. "So there is still a lot of room for improvement and efficiency across the board."
The growing market results in an increase in 'Corporate / Investor' type businesses. “Companies from outside our industry and sometimes even abroad have invested large sums of money in establishing horticultural operations, including large, sophisticated and organized companies that are designed to have incredible returns on investment. This has changed the landscape with some companies even going public, going global and having a global impact with their systems, genetics and knowledge, indicating that there are great prospects for the Australian horticultural sector. "
One thing Nicky is sure of is that as a Protected Cropping organization Australia needs to be there to support its new growers with knowledge, training and various forums to help spread knowledge and experience. “Existing protected crop growers in Australia are doing well and setting staggering goals. I see growers starting to dip their toes in the water with maybe 1 to 5% of their crop under protection and little by little they are passing more and more crops under protection, like an insurance policy to make sure. to reap what they sow and maintain their market share. I see more and more corporate-style companies entering this sector, as clean and organic food production will be essential with future population growth and protected crops as a safe and reliable return on investment. With precious resources like water,
For example, PCA is supporting the UNE mapping project of the protected crop sector in Australia. “This data will provide accurate figures of the size, scale and detail of our industry in Australia, so that we can draw the attention of the government to support our growth going forward. We are also determined to get the Greenhouse Building Code officially recognized by the Australian Building Code to accept our structures as unique and requiring different treatment than other factories or buildings, which will greatly help our members to overcome bureaucracy, reduce time and costs. to get the approval and start-up of new projects. Finally, concentrating on training and improving our workforce to operate and manage these food-producing protected crop systems is essential to adequately equip our country for the future of food production. "
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