Peruvian scientists recover and study wild blueberries from the Amazon region
The blueberry is one of the crops considered superfoods for its important nutritional contribution and health benefits. And Peru has become in recent years one of the main exporters of this dark purple fruit that is part of the so-called “berries”.
“Vegetative shoots were collected in Molinopampa, Calla Calla, La Jalca, Huancas and Leymebamba, located at 3,000 meters of altitude. The samples were taken to the INDES-CES laboratory of the UNTRM and, after being disinfected, they were subjected to the action of the synthetic hormone used at 100% of its capacity ”, he stated.
"The samples were placed in a rooting tunnel with a nebulization irrigation system that facilitates having a high relative humidity and preventing the plants from dehydrating, maintaining their water potential and finally achieving their regeneration", he added.
After being subjected to the rooting method and the action of the synthetic hormone, five of the samples or varieties of blueberries were able to respond satisfactorily and propagate, which shed light on the great genetic potential of these wild blueberries to promote their domestication, large-scale cultivation and commercialization nationally and internationally.
Other very positive aspects that have been observed in wild blueberry varieties in the Amazon region is their great resistance to stress and adaptation to altitude, taking into account that they grow without problems in locations located 3,000 meters above sea level.
"This creates an opportunity to develop genetic studies to achieve grafts of these wild varieties with commercial species, which are very sensitive and have not adapted 100% in the Amazon region", highlighted Tejada Alvarado.
Publication of results in scientific journal
Second stage of the investigation
"It is evaluating its bioactive components such as antioxidants, vitamins, phenols, among others that help prevent and fight various diseases, including cancer," he emphasized.
Another study looks at the molecular makeup of these wild blueberry varieties to give them a scientific name.
In addition to blueberries, researchers from the National University Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza They are interested in studying the blackberry, another of the wild fruits native to the Amazon region and which has great potential to compete with the raspberry, which is part of the “berries” of great commercial demand, especially in the food industry.
The research team in this project is led by Manuel Oliva, director of INDES-CES, and is made up, in addition to Jesús Tejada Alvarado, by researchers Benjamín Meléndez Mori, Nuri Vilca Valqui and Einer Huamán Huamán.
Profile of the researcher
José Tejeda Alvarado is an agronomist trained at the Faculty of Agrarian Sciences of the National University Toribio Rodríguez de Mendoza and his interest in the study of blueberries materialized in his graduate thesis to obtain a degree. Likewise, he has a specialization in execution, monitoring and closing of innovation projects.
He is planning to apply for a scholarship for a Master's degree in plant physiology and genetic improvement, focused on wild berry species that exist in the Amazon region.
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